By Terry M. Mays
In 1981 the association of African solidarity (OAU) mandated and fielded the 1st local peacekeeping operation because the Arab League's undertaking in Kuwait two decades past. Battalion-sized contingents from Nigeria, Senegal, and Zaire have been joined via smaller observer contingents from different OAU contributors on the way to supply a buffer area among the 2 major factions within the Chadian civil war.
Mays opens his research through delivering an summary of the concept that of peacekeeping. numerous definitions are provided to assist distinguish among a few of the sorts of peace operations. After reading the concept that hegemon, he appears to be like on the methods local and subregional hegemons make the most of peacekeeping operations as overseas coverage instruments as they guard their pursuits. Mays argues that Nigeria, as a West African hegemon, served because the relocating strength at the back of the mandating and fielding of the OAU peacekeeping project in Chad. instead of being basically humanitarian in nature, Nigeria's motivation integrated the removing of French and later Libyan squaddies from a susceptible country on its border. even though, Nigeria couldn't practice the duty by myself. France and the us have been instrumental in addition within the mandating and fielding strategy. French and American pursuits stemmed from predicament over Libyan reasons in Chad. Nigeria saved the trouble to mandate the peacekeeping operation alive for 2 years; France proved to be the stimulus at the back of persuading the Chadian govt to just accept the deployment of OAU peacekeepers and prompting the Senegalese to give a contribution a battalion to the venture; the U.S. contributed by way of protecting France and Nigeria eager about a peacekeeping answer and aiding convince Zaire to affix the undertaking.
Mays deals the 1st accomplished exam of the OAU peacekeeping project and reports the political and army association of the strength in addition to its deployment, redeployment plans, logistics, and operations among the Chadian factions. using an in depth choice of assets, together with interviews with members, diplomats, and govt files, he provdies a close exam of each meeting/conference among 1979 and 1981 that mentioned a peacekeeping alternative for Chad. components of luck in conventional peacekeeping operations are utilized to the OAU challenge, and he concludes via reviewing the influence of the 1981-1982 OAU operation on present African peacekeeping tendencies. a useful research for students, scholars, and different researchers concerned with peacekeeping, diplomacy, and African studies.
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Africa's First Peacekeeping Operation: The OAU in Chad, 1981-1982 by Terry M. Mays